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Overweight and obesity in the 7 countries study cohort of Crete in relation to energy and fat intake

During the summer of 2000, 40 years after the beginning of the health observation of the Cretan in Seven countries Cohort, a dietary record was taken from survivors (aged 80-96) and younger male rural Cretans (aged 43-64), who lived in the same villages with the survivors.

Using present estimates, it appears that middle-aged village men in Crete have a somewhat less favourable nutrient intake to the equivalent 1960 group of men, with average saturated fatty acid intake estimated to be 11.1 (s.d. 2.5) %En in 2000 c.f. 8.9%En in 1960 and alcohol intake 42 (s.d. 55) g/d in 1960. In addition, the anthropometric data of the younger group of Cretan men indicate a tendency (17Kg more in the young adults in comparison to same age in the 60s) towards overweight and obesity. There was evidence of significant differences between the two Cretan cohorts examined in 2000, with regard to the intake of meat, alcohol, vegetables, sugar, seafood, potatoes and fats & oils, with higher average intake in the 43-63 year olds (Mann-Whitney p<0.001 in all cases). In contrast, the consumption of cereals and cheeses was significantly lower in the Cretan men aged 43-63 than in the elderly cohort (p<0.001 in both cases).

A. Kafatos, Ch. Hatzis, M.Linardakis, K. Volitaki, J. Moschandreas
Univerity of Crete, Greece


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