· Safe supplements
· Banned supplements
· Nutrition in healing
· Nutrition against disease
· Healthy catering
· Food-based guidelines
· The coral calcium scam
· What do B vitamins do
· The importance of protein
· Natural enzymes
· Nutrients in vegetables
· Nutritional supplements
· Vitamin chart
· Lose weight tips
· Calorie chart
· Low calorie recipes
· Mood disorders
· Hospital mistakes
· Hospital mishaps
· Mishaps in ICUs
· Bedsores from excessive pressure
· Wound treatment

green tea
Herba Green Tea

Liquid vitamins
Liquid vitamins

Home | Nutrition | Supplementation | Dieting | Health | Fitness | Products      

Fruits and vegetables in the same basket?

As fruits and vegetables have partially different nutritional attributes, I think it appropriate, from a health point of view, to segregate the recommendations concerning the two food groups. Targeted interventions that focus specifically on vegetables may have to take priority, because it is with respect to vegetables that the benefit is more substantial. The "more than 400g a day", the "5 servings" and the "eating more fruit and vegetables" recommendations are open to different interpretations. Agreement is further required with respect to foods such as pulses, potatoes and nuts, the classification of which is ambiguous.


Pulses are rarely consumed and rarely independently considered in FBDG of most countries. In Greece, however, olive oil allows the preparations of delightful dishes with pulses that share some of the health attributes of vegetables and also provides protein, albeit of moderate quality. Consumption of an average of one serving every other day is advised, and higher consumption should not be discouraged.

Are potatoes cereals?

Potatoes in the Greek guidelines are not included to the cereal food group and their consumption is recommended not daily but only a few times per week. Potatoes provide as much percentage energy from protein as do wheat and rice, and are a good source of vitamin C. Like white bread, however, potatoes have a high glycaemic index because they are rapidly converted to glucose after being consumed. Potato consumption has been found to be positively associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes in men and women.

Practical implications

Two additional questions should be addressed at this time: Is the Mediterranean diet an integral entity, or the sum of identifiable components that can and should be separately considered in the development of guidelines? Is the Mediterranean diet or its major components transferable to populations living far from the Mediterranean region? Answers to these questions would be important for policy formulation, if and when such a policy were desirable.
An attempt to conceptualise and operationalise the proper diet has been reported and a score has been developed and evaluated. Studies among elderly in Greece, Denmark, Austalia and Spain has shown that the overall Mediterranean dietary pattern was more important for longevity than individual nutrition components.
There has been much interest regarding the components that contribute to the beneficial health effects of the Mediterranean diet. So far they have been attributed, mostly to its unique lipid profile, but the contribution of additional components such as the consumption of vegetables, should also be taken into consideration. In practical terms, more attention to the dietary practices of the Mediterranean people might contribute to the increase of pulse and vegetable consumption in North America as well as in northern and central Europe.

Antonia Trichopoulou
University of Athens Medical School, Greece

Holidays in Greece in
the Greek islands



· Evolutionary nutrition
· Past plant production
· Cyprus nutritional habits
· History of almonds
· Malaysian diet
· Hungarian diet
· Mediterranean lifestyle
· Childhood obesity
· Polish diet
· Influence children
· Back to our nutrition
· Therapeutic diet
· MeDiet industrialization
· Butter replaced olive oil!
· Medi-Rivage intervention
· EPIC-Elderly study
· The SUN study
· Greek grapes
· Wine drinking in Greece
· Argentine wines
· Meat safety
· Reducing blood pressure
· Purified sardine protein
· The Cretan diet
· Greek traditional cheese
· Animal products
· The Greek diet
· A novel egg
· The Calabria forum
· Postprandial lipemia
· The Attica Study
· Greek bee honey
· Dietary d-limonene
· Olives as antioxidants
· Algerian diet type
· Mediterranean eating
· Culinary heritage
· Dietary questionnaire
· Obesity in Morocco
· Nutrition in Jordan
· Dyslipidemia
· Moderating oxidation
· German diet
· Overweight tendency
· Comparing 7 countries
· Blood pressure
· Mediterranean products
· Modern Greece diet
· Portuguese diet
· Australian diet
· Animal welfare risks
· Dry cured hams

border line

Privacy policy - Terms of use - Contact - Site map - Links / Submit
The statements in the A-Nutritional-Supplements.com website represent the opinions of the authors.
They have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
Copyright 2004-2014 A-Nutritional-Supplements.com