Logo


V-Store


ABOUT

· Safe supplements
· Banned supplements
· Nutrition in healing
· Nutrition against disease
· Healthy catering
· Food-based guidelines
· The coral calcium scam
· What do B vitamins do
· The importance of protein
· Natural enzymes
· Nutrients in vegetables
· Nutritional supplements
· Vitamin chart
· Lose weight tips
· Calorie chart
· Low calorie recipes
· Mood disorders
· Hospital mistakes
· Hospital mishaps
· Mishaps in ICUs
· Bedsores from excessive pressure
· Wound treatment



green tea
Herba Green Tea

 
 
Liquid vitamins
Liquid vitamins



Home | Nutrition | Supplementation | Dieting | Health | Fitness | Products      
kitchenware


Educational and economic determinants of food intake in participants of the Portuguese National Health Survey

Over the last decade, several studies have attempted to identify the influence of socioeconomic factors on individuals' food intake. The economic issue is of considerable significance, and it is sometimes suggested that this is probably the key variable of all in influencing food choice.

The objective of our study was to evaluate the importance of educational and economic factors in determining food choice in a representative sample of Portuguese adults. The study sample included all subjects (20621 women and 18271 men) older than 18 years who were asked about their dietary intake and socioeconomic status, when participating in the Portuguese third National Health Survey (ONSA, Ministry of Health, National Institute of Health - Dr. Ricardo Jorge) carried out in 1998-1999. Participants were selected from 21808 households distributed according to the five regions of Portugal (NUTS II), using a multi-stage random probability design. Trained interviewers inquired participants on several health related issues, including educational and economic characteristics, smoking status, physical activity, anthropometric data (weight and height), and food and beverages intake. Participants were distributed in four categories according to level of education (≤4 years, 5-9 years, and > 12 years) and income, that is, number of minimum salaries (≤2 salaries, 3-4 salaries, 5-6, and >6 salaries).
 
The consumption of soup, vegetables, fruit, bread and other starchy foods (pasta, rice and potatoes), fish, meat, milk and wine during the day before the interview was collected and recorded as a yes or no answer; consumption of spirits during the week before the interview was also registered as a yes or no answer. Separate logistic regression models were fitted for male and female to estimate the magnitude of the association between food groups and education/income, adjusting for age, body mass index, smoking habits, physical activity and income/education. In females, the odds favoring vegetables, fruit and fish consumption were respectively 1.67 (.37-2.03), 1.78 (1.37-2.30), and 1.38 (1.21-1.58) for those having >12 years of education compared to those with ≤4 years; the odds favoring wine, beer and spirits consumption were respectively 0.19 (0.14-0.25), 0.88 (0.65-1.17), and 0.16 (0.41-0.65) for those having >12 years of education compared to those with ≤4 years. In males, similar odds ratios were observed for vegetables, fruit, fish, wine and spirits, being the odds for beer statistically significant (OR = 0.55, CI 95% 0.46-0.65, p <0.001).
 
Overall, there were significant increases in the consumption of vegetables, fruit and fish and decreases in the consumption of wine and spirits, with increasing number of years of education. No such significant associations were observed for these food groups and income. One of the most interesting findings in terms of income and food consumption relation is that there is no evidence to suggest that if households increase their economic wealth, they transfer a significantly greater proportion of their income towards a different pattern of food choice.
 
In view of all the results presented so far, it is perhaps more interesting that education influences food choice in a more pronounced way than income.


P. Moreira, P. Padrao, University of Porto, Portugal

Holidays in Greece in
the Greek islands


 


SECTION : MedDiet
  MENU  

· Mediterranean diet
· Evolutionary nutrition
· Past plant production
· Cyprus nutritional habits
· History of almonds
· History of chestnuts
· Malaysian diet
· Hungarian diet
· Mediterranean lifestyle
· Childhood obesity
· Polish diet
· Intake of vegetables
· Influence children
· Back to our nutrition
· Therapeutic diet
· MeDiet industrialization
· Butter replaced olive oil!
· Medi-Rivage intervention
· EPIC-Elderly study
· The SUN study
· Greek grapes
· Argentine wines
· Meat safety
· Reducing blood pressure
· Purified sardine protein
· The Cretan diet
· Greek traditional cheese
· Extra virgin Greek olive oil
· Animal products
· The Greek diet
· Reduced LDL oxidation
· The Calabria forum
· Postprandial lipemia
· Wild greens antioxidants
· The Attica Study
· Greek bee honey
· Dietary d-limonene
· Olives as antioxidants
· Algerian diet type
· Mediterranean eating
· Culinary heritage
· Dietary questionnaire
· Obesity in Morocco
· Nutrition in Jordan
· Dyslipidemia
· Moderating oxidation
· German diet
· Cretan sample
· Overweight tendency
· Comparing 7 countries
· Blood pressure
· Mediterranean products
· Modern Greece diet
· Australian diet
· Control of hypertension
· Animal welfare risks
· Dry cured hams


border line



Privacy policy - Terms of use - Contact - Site map - Links / Submit
The statements in the A-Nutritional-Supplements.com website represent the opinions of the authors.
They have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration.
Copyright 2004-2014 A-Nutritional-Supplements.com